Encoding in PCM

encoding process in pcm , Multiplexing in PCM Systems

  1. PCM Encoder What are the constraints on the input to the PCM En-coder? Each binary word is located in a Time Frame. The time frame contains eight Slots of equal length, and is eight clock periods long. The slots, from first to last, are numbered 7 through 0
  2. encoding process in pcm , Multiplexing in PCM Systems , Synchronization , PROBABILITY OF ERROR FOR PCM 4.15.5. Multiplexing in PCM Systems. It is possible to multiplex the PCM signals using the time division multiplexing... 4.15.6. Synchronization in PCM. For a PCM system with TDM, it is essential.
  3. PCM encoded signal in binary form: 101 111 110 001 010 100 111 100 011 010 101 Total of 33 bits were used to encode a signal Table: Quantization levels with belonging code words Levels are encoded using this table M=
  4. 1 PCM & Encoding 1. Introduction A general overview of signal encoding You will learn why to use digital encoding, how signal is transmitted and received and how analog signals are converted to digital Some digital encoding methods 2
  5. The PCM encoder module uses a PCM encoding and decoding chip (called a codec) to convert analog voltages between 2.5V and +2.5V to a 7- bit binary number. with seven bits, its- possible to produce 128 different number between 0000000 and 1111111 inclusive, this in turn means that there are 128 quantization levels ( one for each number)
  6. PCM is the method of encoding typically used for uncompressed digital audio. The 4ESS switch introduced time-division switching into the US telephone system in 1976, based on medium scale integrated circuit technology
  7. g sections. Basics of PCM. In pulse code modulation, the analog message signal is first sampled, and then the amplitude of the sample is approximated to the nearest set of quantization level. This allows the representation of time and amplitude in a discrete manner
Arduino sound level meter and spectrum analyzer | Arik

Basic Elements of PCM The transmitter section of a Pulse Code Modulator circuit consists of Sampling, Quantizing and Encoding, which are performed in the analog-to-digital converter section. The low pass filter prior to sampling prevents aliasing of the message signal The PCM output is obtained by first sampling, then quantizing, and finally encoding, as shown in Figure 5.11. The sampling operation first generates a pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) signal as shown in Figure 5.12. The analog waveform W (t), which is band-limited by B (z), can be converted to a PAM signal using natural sampling, givin

L 1 5 sampling quantizing encoding pcm - SlideShar

  1. ADVANCED MODULES: A PCM ENCODER and a PCM DECODER (version 2 preferable). PREPARATION signal source The signal to be decoded 1 in this experiment will be provided by you, using the PCM ENCODER module as set up in the experiment entitled PCM encoding. The format of the PCM signal is described there. You should have already completed that experiment
  2. A little information about the PCM Encoder module on the Emona FOTEx The PCM encoder module uses a PCM encoding and decoding chip (called a codec) to convert analog voltages between -2.5V and +2.5V to a 7-bit binary number. with seven bits, its possible to produce 128 different number between 0000000 and 1111111 inclusive, this in turn mean
  3. In the TIMS PCM ENCODER (and many commercial systems) a single extra bit is added, in the least significant bit position. This is alternately a one or a zero. These bits are used by subsequent decoders for frame synchronization. The frames are transmitted serially
  4. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) is the simplest form of waveform coding. Waveform coding is used to encode analogue signals (for example speech) into a digital signal. The digital signal is subsequently used to reconstruct the analogue signal
  5. This video is about basics of pulse code modulation. Here you will learn the block diagram of pulse code modulation transmitter. This video explains basic bu..
  6. Quantization & Encoding of a sampled signalThe result of sampling is a series of pulses with amplitude values between the +20V and -20V amplitudes. The set o..
  7. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) • PCM uses non-linear encoding, i.e., amplitude spacing of levels is non-linear. - There is a greater number of quantizing steps for low amplitude

1 PCM & Encoding - SlideShar

  1. Pulse Code Modulation Pulse Code Modulation (hereinafter referred to as PCM) is a sampled modulation similar to Pulse Amplitude Modulation. Since PCM encodes a message into bits of 1's and 0's, it is often referred to as a source code. PCM does not yield waveforms that vary linearly with the message however
  2. Two fundamental processes are involved in the generation of a PCM signal: sampling and quantization. Sampling is time discretization and quantization is amplitude discretization. In PCM, conversion of analog signal to digital signal is done in two step
  3. The pulse code modulation (PCM is the acronym in English of Pulse Code Modulation) is a method of modulation used to transform a signal analog into a sequence of bits (digital signal) method invented by British engineer Alec Reeves in 1937 and that it is the standard form of digital audio in computers, compact discs, digital telephony, and other similar applications
  4. View Lab Report - PCM from ELECTRONIC eclectric at Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia. PCM Encoding and Decoding: Aim: Introduction to PCM encoding and decoding. Introduction: PCM Encoding: Th
  5. ENCODING. The quantized sample is next converted into a binary code word by the encoder circuit. The encoder allocates an 8-bit PCM word to each individual sample. An 8-bit binary code is used for the 256 quantizing intervals (128 + 128 = 256 = 28). The PCM words therefore have 8 bits (Binary digiTS)

2. PCM is digital while the others are either analogue in time or amplitude, i.e PCM pulses are discrete in time and amplitude unlike PAM, PWM or PPM. 3. Essential aspects of a PCM transmitter are sampling, quantizing and encoding. 4. PCM is not a modulation in the conventional sense because it doe Encoding is the process of converting the data or a given sequence of characters, symbols, alphabets etc., into a specified format, for the secured transmission of data.Decoding is the reverse process of encoding which is to extract the information from the converted format.. Data Encoding. Encoding is the process of using various patterns of voltage or current levels to represent 1s and 0s of. Most PCM formats encode samples using integers. However, some applications which demand higher precision will store and process PCM samples using floating point numbers. Floating-point PCM samples (32- or 64-bit in size) are zero-centred and varies in the interval [-1.0, 1.0], thus signed values. PCM Types Linear PCM. The most common PCM type

In PCM encoding, quantization level varies as a function of _____ a) Frequency b) Amplitude c) Square of frequency d) Square of amplitude Answer : In a PCM system the number of quantization level are 16 and the maximum signal frequency is 4 KHz the transmission bit rate is 32 Kbits/sec Format Description for PCM -- Type of encoding used for audio bitstreams. Pulse code modulation was originally developed in 1939 as a method for transmitting digital signals over analog communications channels. The same technique proved effective as a method of sampling and quantizing audio for encoding in digital form Digital Communications Pulse Code Modulation; Question: In PCM encoding, quantization level varies as a function of _____ Options. A : Frequency. B : Amplitude. C : Square of frequency. D : Square of amplitud As the PCM Encoder module's input is a sinewave, the module's input voltage is continuously changing. This means that you should notice the PCM DATA output changing continuously also. FS To Ch.A IN CLK PCM data To Ch.B Function Generator 100kHz 500Hz SCOPE CH A CH B TRIGGER PCM ENCODER FS CLK PCM DATA TDM INPUT 2 INPUT 1 PCM MASTER SIGNALS.

A PCM system consists of a PCM encoder (transmitter ) and a PCM decoder (receiver ) . The essential operations in the PCM transmitter are sampling, quantizing and encoding . All the operations are usually performed in the same circuit called as analog-to digital converter A little information about the PCM Encoder module on the Emona Telecoms-Trainer 101. The PCM Encoder module uses a PCM encoding chip (called a codec) to convert analog voltages between -2V and +2V to an 8-bit binary number. With eight bits, it's possible to produce 256 different numbers between 00000000 and 11111111 inclusive

The linear pulse code modulation (LPCM by stands for Linear Pulse Code Modulation ) is a specific type of PCM audio in which digital quantization levels are linearly uniform. This contrasts with PCM audio encodings in which the quantization levels vary as a function of the amplitude of the sampled signal and the algorithms of A- law and Mu. Encoding PCM audio to an MP4/avi file. Archived Forums > There is no encoder in system to produce MFAudioFormat_MPEG as you request. Do you have any specific reason to create AVI in first place? There are good reasons to not do this, and create MP4 instead Pulse-code modulation(PCM): Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a process used to digitally represent sampled analog or continuous-time signals.; It is the reference form of digital in computers, CDs, digital telephony, and other digital audio applications Pulse Code Modulation - MCQs with answers. Q1. The modulation techniques used to convert analog signal into digital signal are. Q2. The sequence of operations in which PCM is done is. Q3. In PCM, the parameter varied in accordance with the amplitude of the modulating signal is. Q4. One of the disadvantages of PCM is MP3 WAV WMA raw PCM OGG Audio AAC AVR. To start your file conversion, click 'Choose file' button to select the file you want to convert. Then if you want to change to your target format, follow below instruction to change it. There are optional settings supplied to you to control or tell converter on how converter convert your file

Pulse-code modulation - Wikipedi

What is Pulse Code Modulation (PCM)? Definition, Block

[Example - PCM (Pulse Code Modulation)] The most common technique for using digital signals to encode analog data is PCM. Example: To transfer analog voice signals off a local loop to digital end office within the phone system, one uses a codec. Because voice data limited to frequencies below 4000 HZ, a codec makes 8000 samples/sec What is PCM audio. PCM audio (Pulse-Code Modulation) is one of representations of an analog signal in digital form. The representation process is called as coding analog signal to digital form. In simple words, PCM audio is representation of usual continuous analog signal as number sequence (discrete samples) Pulse code modulation (PCM) is a digital representation of an analog signal that takes samples of the amplitude of the analog signal at regular intervals. The sampled analog data is changed to, and then represented by, binary data. PCM requires a very accurate clock. The number of samples per second, ranging from 8,000 to 192,000, is usually. View PCM with Binary Encoding.docx from AA 1PCM with Binary Encoding Earlier on, we have mentioned the Pulse-Code Modulation, or PCM, as a type of Pulse Modulation, which is our other focus fo Pulse Code Modulation (PCM)/Block Diagram of PCM Transmitter/Sampling Quantizing and Encoding in PCM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVphO7oj9G

Pulse Code Modulation - Tutorialspoin

The Pulse Coded Modulation (PCM) Encoder Systems used in telemetry have gained enormous flexibility for various applications because the input data channels and frame sync codes are programmable via the EEPROMs or UVEPROMs. The firmware in the current PCM Encoder Systems can be readily tailored for a specific application to monitor numerous types of analog channels, as well as digital channels Linear PCM (which indicates that the amplitude response is linearly uniform across the sample) is the standard used within CDs, and within the LINEAR16 encoding of the Speech-to-Text API. Both encodings produce an uncompressed stream of bytes corresponding directly to audio data, and both standards contain 16 bits of depth PCM encoding (Pulse Code Modulation) is pulse code modulation, developed in the late 1970s and became the main audio modulation mode for CD and DVD. Its sampling frequency ranges from 44.1kHz to 192kHz, and at its input, a filter needs to be set to restrict only the frequency of 20Hz~22.05kHz to pass, so that it can cover the entire frequency. MCQs: The sequence of operations in which PCM is done is - (A) Sampling, quantizing, encoding - (B) Quantizing, encoding, samplin

Pulse Code Modulation - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

That library can encode the PCM data in WAV and I can successfully play it back using <audio>. But, the resulting WAV data is too huge (~38MB for a 5 minute recording). I tried using libmp3lame.js available from Speech-to-Server. In recorderWorker.js, I am importing the Lame script David Mungai 16158027 PCM Encoding and Decoding 2 The aim of this experiment is to introduce the PCM ENCODER module and to illustrate the recovery of the analog message from the digital signal. This module generates a pulse code modulated - PCM- output signal from an analog input message. Introduction Pulse Code Modulation is a method of converting an analog signal into digital signals

Download PCM.ZIP & Encoder software (file named as Arduino MP3.zip) added in file section & github link. Prepare Audio & Convert It Into Data : The important step is to prepare the audio data. so very first we will need a mp3 file either you record one or get one from anywhere then open that file into Audacity and & click on format then select. My source file is a 1920x1080 HD file with PCM audio. The whole project length is 28 seconds, and I'm exporting from After effect because I had to do some title changes and a few other tweaks etc. Firstly is there even a way to encode a .mp4 with PCM audio direct from media encoder? Or are these guys just smoking the fun stuff Figure below the answer-Determine the lowest positive V (figure 13)Figure 13PART C- PCM encoding of continuously changing V-Close power suppliesDisconnect he plug to the variable power suppliesModify below-Set the function generator's output to 50KHz (figure 14)Figure 14Question 7:Why does the code PCM encoder module's output change. As for your second question, the answer is yes. Whenever you transcode, you first decode to PCM, then re-encode in the target codec. I think theoretically you can put audio encoded in any format into an OGG container, but in practice, audio in an OGG container is usually encoded with Vorbis Imran, M, Kwon, T & Yang, JS 2019, Enrely: A reliable MLC PCM Architecture based on Data Encoding. in 34th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications, ITC-CSCC 2019., 8793420, 34th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications, ITC-CSCC 2019, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 34th.

Describe PCM and also explain the PCM encoder and decoder

  1. Utilization of this encoding method must be adapted to individual cases, because the quantization interval varies with signal amplitude. In transmission systems employing differential PCM, errors accumulate at the receiver, making it necessary to transmit the whole value of the variable from time to time
  2. PCM Description: Matlab simulation using pulse code modulation (PCM) and the A law, μ law PCM codec for voice compression process. Pulse Code Modulation (PCM, Pulse Code Modulation) is an analog voice signal into digital signal encoding. The role of the encoder wavefor
  3. I have an A-law 8-bit byte array, I convert it to short array as 16-bit PCM using your A-law decoder, then re-encode it back using your A-law encoder into A-law 8-bit bytes, the resultant array is not identical to the original A-law array, rendering the a-law very distorted and noisy
  4. In a PCM encoder, in order to reduce noise in an idle channel or in the absence of any voice signal, a detector circuit is provided which detects the idle channel, and a circuit is connected to the detector circuit which fixes the polarity bit of the PCM signal produced by the PCM encoder when the detector circuit has detected the idle channel
  5. hi, I did experiments# 14 and 18. I only want you to write the objectives of the labs, answers the questions , and write conclusion. thankslab_18.docxlab14_comm.docxUnformatted Attachment PreviewFigure 915PART B:2022PART C -27Lab 14Objective:Materials:-Computer with appropriate software installedNI ELVIS II device and USB to connect it to computerTwo BNC to 2mm banana-plug leadsAssorted.

Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) - TechnologyU

  1. An integrated circuit that performs the PCM encoding and decoding functions. Codec. 56. Method of encoding audio signals used in US standard 1.544 Mbps 24-channel PCM system. Mu-law. 57. A digital modulation technique in which the polarity of the transmitted pulse indicates whether the demodulator output should rise or fall at each pulse
  2. Final Verdict: PCM Vs Bitstream. While audio signals are produced differently in both cases, there is no audible difference between Bitstream and PCM files. However, the Bitstream files are encoded to give you a surround sound experience when used with a compatible media player
  3. Extra Encode Processing: 0-6; trades time spent encoding for possible speed gain during decoding. 0 doesn't invoke extra processing mode, 1 is the fastest encode level, 6 is the slowest. Create Correction File: Creates extra file that allows WavPack's recreation of a lossless file from a lossy (hybrid) encoded file
  4. UTF-7 encoding is used primarily in environments that historically have been restricted to 7 bits, such as NNTP and some email applications. Because of issues with robustness and security, you should not use UTF-7 encoding in 8-bit environments where UTF-8 encoding can be used instead

User180118 posted Hi, I'm trying to record a simple .wav file that is PCM encoded for some days. I tried the Mediarecorder class, but it seems like I either cannot record a .wav File with it or the wav File is not PCM encoded. Firstly I tried the default Format and Encoding and then other · User180118 posted Ok, I realized the Audiorecord doesn't. The encode() method encodes the string, using the specified encoding. If no encoding is specified, UTF-8 will be used. Syntax. string.encode(encoding=encoding, errors=errors) Parameter Values. Parameter Description; encoding: Optional. A String specifying the encoding to use. Default is UTF-8 The signals which are obtained by encoding each quantized signal into a digital word is called as a) PAM signal b) PCM signal c) FM signal d) Sampling and quantization Play wireless-mobile-networ To encode 9.1.6 audio Dolby Atmos objects, provide 16 input channels of PCM audio, either in individual .wav files or as tracks in a single container. If you provide input audio as individual .wav files, you specify them in order in your input

Called quantization.Each of these M values are converted binary representation.PAM encoding composed of 3 stages. Why PCM method?A digital representation of an analog signal where the magnitude of the signal is sampled regularly at uniform intervals, then quantized to a series of symbols in a numeric (usually binary) code. Answer is the. how in pcm encoding the parameters fidelity,bandwidth and time delay can be tradded off? Like Reply. Scroll to continue with content. bertus. Joined Apr 5, 2008 21,447. Oct 12, 2008 #2 Hello, Here is a link to one of the pages of the EDUCYPEDIA on audio compression techniques PCM Telemetry Encoder is used to encode the data in a serial digital format, and transmit it on a carrier to another location for decoding and analysis. Mistral's PCM Telemetry Encoder is an FPGA-based system with Data Acquisition, Conversion, Frame processing and PCM output section The PCM encoder module uses a PCM encoding and decoding chip (called a codec) to convert analog voltages between 2.5V and +2.5V to a 7- bit binary number. with seven bits, its- possible to produce 128 different number between 0000000 and 1111111 inclusive, this in turn means that there are 128 quantization levels ( one for each number Hello, I've been trying to use audio encoder classes included in IPP samples to compress PCM samples I am getting from an audio board. What I have is a stereo buffer of 2 channels/16bit/48000 frequency. The size of the buffer is 3840 bytes for each frame, i.e. 1920 per channel ( = 48000Hz / 25 fra..

encoding ulaw wav to pcm wav format Reply #9 - 2006-05-19 23:45:29 You don't set bitrate for PCM - it's defined by its parameters (sample-rate, bits-per-sample, and number of channels) Encoding; The Sampling and Quantization is performed by a single physical device called ADC(Analog to Digital Converter) and the process itself is called Analog to Digital conversion. It is however easy to understand the PCM process by explaining them as separate steps Delta modulation signal is smaller than Pulse Code Modulation system. If signal is large, the next bit in digital data is 1 otherwise 0. 1. PCM stands for Pulse Code Modulation. DM stands for Delta Modulation. 2. In PCM, feedback does not exist in transmitter or receiver. While in DM, feedback exists in transmitter. 3 In PCM encoding, quantization level varies as a function of _____ A Frequency B Amplitude C Square%20of%20frequency D Square%20of%20amplitud Hi all! I'm trying to encode raw pcm data as uLaw to save on the bandwidth required to transmit speech data. I have come across a class called UlawEncoderInputStream on This Page but there is no documentation! The constructor takes an input stream and a max pcm value (whatever that is). Code (Text): /**. * Create an InputStream which takes 16.

Difference Between Uniform and Nonuniform Quantization

The Dolby® Media Encoder provides custom metadata instruction for each job that is then submitted to the encoder for processing and encoding. Multiple clients can address the Dolby Media Encoder on a centralized server, or each client computer can encode jobs locally on the client computer. Advanced 96k upsampling option for Dolby TrueHD Encode VP9 in mov container with pcm audio. Davinci Resolve's supported Codecs list shows it only supports decoding VP9 if placed in an mov container. Add to that the audio limitations also present on the Linux version and mov is somewhat preferred overall. The issue of course is Quicktime File Format doesn't officially support VP9

AAC, MPEG-1 Audio Layer II, PCM Audio Encoding. Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio and is a part of the MPEG-4 Systems Standard. Designed to be the successor of the MP3 format, AAC generally achieves better sound quality than MP3 at similar bit rates The encoder caches input samples until it has enough for 1536 audio samples per channel; at which point the encoder outputs one AC-3 frame. Each output buffer contains one raw AC-3 frame. The duration is equivalent to the duration of 1536 PCM samples at the current sampling rate (32 msec) at 48 kHz sample rate, 34.83 msec at 44.1 kHz, and 48.

Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) - Block Diagram of PCM

The PCM Encoder converts an analog input signal to a digitally-coded output signal (pulse to PAM, PWM, and PPM), since the PCM output is in binary code. In PCM, an analog input signal is sampled and an 8-bit code is generated representing the input signal amplitude at each sample point. A bar graph indicator for the test bus shows the logic states of the 8-bit A/D converter output. Both. Description: pcm encoding, in line with China' s domestic law of voice compression standards miu Downloaders recently: [More information of uploader lifajun1]] To Search: File list (Click to check if it's the file you need, and recomment it at the bottom): pcm_matlab\pcm.m pcm_matlab Main Category.. The AC-3 encoder accepts audio in the form of PCM words. The internal dynamic range of AC-3 allows input wordlengths of up to 24 bits to be useful. Then if a input of 24 bits is appropriate for ac3 encoder also the output can be 24 bits. Edit: and Aften accept 24 bits input without problem

Differential PCM (DPCM) avoids redundant information (which exists in PCM) before encoding. Also the number of bits required for encoding is less in DPCM. This is because the DPCM system quantizes the difference between the sampled value and the predicted sample value. Hence DPCM is considered to be more efficient than PCM Suggest as a translation of linear pcm encoding Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. EN. Open menu. Translator. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Linguee. Look up words and phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual dictionaries and search through billions of online. Pulse Code Modulation has good signal to noise ratio. For transmission channel, Pulse Code Modulation needs high bandwidth than DPCM. The PCM method is split into 3 components, initial is that the transmission at the supply finish, second regeneration at the transmission path and also the receiving finish You should be able to simply set the URI of the MediaElement to point to your AMR file and it should play. 2) i need to encode that audio data into AMR format to send Audio data in network. 2) i need to play in earpiece. I am able to capture and render PCM audio by using Windows Audio Session API (WASAPI)

encode ($ pcm) This method will encode an input PCM stream and return a scalar containing the output audio stream. Input is typically the output of Audio::MPEG::Decode->pcm method. clipped_samples () Returns the number of samples that had to be clipped to fit in the output format. peak_amplitude ( PCM A-law and u-law Companding Algorithms in ANSI C. The Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), also known as G.711, is a very commonly used waveform codec, especially for audio companding in telephony. PCM is based on an non-uniform 8 bits quantization who is used for representing each sample took from an continuous (analog) signal

Quantization and Encoding in PCM (Example) Data

Quantization in PCM with example Quantization in PCM with

Encode An mp3 File Using ffmpeg After you send your blob binary file to the backend, you can use node's ffmpeg library to convert your file to another format. First, run npm install ffmpeg. Request PDF | On Mar 1, 2020, Muhammad Imran and others published Effective Write Disturbance Mitigation Encoding Scheme for High-density PCM | Find, read and cite all the research you need on. Algorithm for Encoder. 1. The analog signal is sampled and converted to linear 12-bit Sign Magnitude code. 2. Sign bit is transmitted directly as it is to 8 bit compressed code. 12-bit to 8-bit Digital Companding μ-255 Encoding and Decoding Table. 3. Segment number in the 8-bit code is determined by number of 0's in the 12-bit code. 4 BaseColumns; CalendarContract.AttendeesColumns; CalendarContract.CalendarAlertsColumns; CalendarContract.CalendarCacheColumns; CalendarContract.CalendarColumn


Supported formats/encodings/bit depth/compression are: ``wav`` - 32-bit floating-point PCM - 32-bit signed integer PCM - 24-bit signed integer PCM - 16-bit signed integer PCM - 8-bit unsigned integer PCM - 8-bit mu-law - 8-bit a-law Note: Default encoding/bit depth is determined by the dtype of the input Tensor. ``flac`` - 8-bit - 16-bit. PCM supports three different RSA key sizes: 2048, 3072 and 4096 bits. The expected encoding of the public key is a Base64-encoded SPKI with the RSA-PSS OID and the parameters corresponding to the RSABSSA IETF draft Press the Encode audio to Base64 button. Download or copy the result from the Base64 field. Additional audio encoders. The Audio to Base64 converter generates ready-made examples, depending on the selected output format. It automatically detects the content type of the uploaded sound file, so that you simply copy the complete result Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation, or simply ADPCM, is an audio algorithm for waveform coding, which consists in predicting th e current signal value from previous values, and transmitting only the difference between the real and the predicted value. In plain pulse-code modulation (PCM), the real or actual signal value is transmitted

PCM - PCM Encoding and Decoding Aim Introduction to PCM

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